AAA Common1, AAAA Common2, AAAA Common3
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Short-stalk Copperleaf, Slender threeseed mercury
This slender plant in the spurge family is found on the sandy, acidic soils in the Pine Barrens. It has linear oblong leaves and grows in sun or partial shade. It can tolerate dry or moist soils. …
Trident Red Maple, Trident Maple
This tree is a variety of the red maple (Acer rubrum) distinguished by its three lobed leaves and the hairy, white underside of the leaves. In autumn, the leaves are more likely to turn yellow than…
Smooth Agalinis, Purple False Foxglove, Purple Gerardia
Plant has purple flowers with hairless, grooved stems. They grow in both uplands and wetlands in acidic, sandy soils and flower from July to September. The flowers will tolerate all light conditions.
Ticklegrass, Winter Bentgrass
One to two foot tall plants that grow in dry to moist soils in uplands and wetlands. Flowers are small and off white colored, and appear in late spring through summer.
Autumn Bentgrass, Uplant Bentgrass
This plant is part of the grass family, Poaceae, and grows generally in uplands. Loam and clay soils are preferred, along with acidic, wet soils. Similar to Agrostis hyemalis, the flowers are small…
Colic-root, White Colicroot, Unicorn Root
A member of the Liliaceae family, this plant has flowering stalks that lack leaves and grow up to three feet tall. The flowers are small and bell shaped, and appear from early to late summer. These…
Smooth Alder, Hazel Alder, Brookside Alder
The tree grows with multiple trunks and up to 36 feet tall with an average spread of 11.5 feet. Trees are found in sunny areas of wetlands. Male flowers are a brownish-yellow and female flowers are…
Shadbush, Serviceberry, Juneberry
Small understory shrub that produces white blossoms and edible fruit. It is one of the earliest blooming plants in spring and is commonly referred to as Shadbush, because its flowering conincides…
Pursh’s Millet Grass, Blue Maidencane
This grass (family Poaceae) grows to a maximum of two and a half feet tall and is found in moist to wet areas with sandy soils. The sheaths and leaf blades are hairy and flowers appear in late summer…
Pearly Everlasting, Western Pearly Everlasting
Flowering plant that grow in clumps and give the plant a bushy appearance. Flower petals are white and surround a large yellow center. The stem is woolly. These flowers grow in uplands in sandy,…
Big Bluestem, Tall Bluestem
Common perrennial of open sites. 4 to 6 feet high. Upland, dry sites with acidic soils. Full sun to partial shade. Flowers mid August to late September.
Bushy Beard Grass, Bushy Bluestem, Brushy Bluestem
Another member of the Poaceae family reaching up to five feet in height. Grows in peaty, sandy swamps. The head clusters are yellowish and dry with flowers blooming in late summer.
Broomsedge, Broomsedge Bluestem, Yellowsedge Bluestem
This grass is clumping with erect green leaves which turn a golden shade during the fall and winter. Leaves are found all along the stems and the top most leaves enclose the flowers. This plant is…
Groundnut, Wild Potato, Indian Potato
A vine with velvety, maroon flowers. Flowers bloom during the summer. The plant is a legume and grows edible tubers and seeds. The fruit (tubers) ripens in the fall. The plant favors acidic to…
Spreading Dogbane, Bitterroot, Flytrap Dogbane
Relatives of the milkweeds, this plant produces small, bell shaped, pink flowers. The flowers are also fragrant (similar to a lilac). The base of the plant is sometimes woody. Similar to milkweeds,…
Indian Hemp, Prairie Dogbane, Hemp Dogbane
Similar to A. androsaemifolium. This plant has smaller, cream colored flowers and narrower leaves. Moths and bees are attracted to these flowers and pollinate them. The plant grows in similar…
Each plant has three parts and each has five ovalular leaflets. Another stalk holds ball shaped clusters of greenish-white flowers. The flowers appear in the spring, while the dark purple berries…
Bearberry, Kinnikinnick, Red Bearberry
The bearberry plant is an evergreen shrub that grows successfully dry sandy conditions. Leaves are round with a blunt tip and are shiny and small. Flowers white or pink and bell shaped found in…
This plant grows in small clusters with shallow roots. The stems are hairless. They are found in dry, sandy soils of sunny uplands. Flowers appear mid summer and persist through the fall.
Slender Three-awn, Slimspike Three-awn, Kearney’s Three-awn
An annual plant with loosely tufted branches. Flowers appear from mid summer to the fall. Fruit appears at the same time as flowers. The plants grow in uplands in dry, sunny areas.
Purplish Poverty Grass, Arrowfeather Three-awn
This plant has a knotty base and is tufted. Flowers appear at the end of summer and into the fall, and fruit appears at the same time. Unlike the other A. longespica and A. dichotoma, A. purpurascens…
Blunt-leaved Milkweed, Clasping Milkweed
A type of milkweed with milky sap. The leaves are oblong and wavy along the edges. Flowers are showy and occur in an umbel. They are purple and rose colored and bloom in early summer and sometimes…
Swamp Milkweed, Pink Milkweed
Large blossoms of small, fragrant, upturned rose-purple flowers. Great host plant for Monarch butterflies and hummingbirds. Great for rain gardens and habitat. 2 to 6 feet tall. Moist to wet soils;…
Plant commonly referred to as milkweed. Flowers are white and purple, and are also clustered in umbels and bloom in early summer. Fruits appear mid to late summer. Hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies…
Butterfly-weed, Butterfly Milkweed, Orange Milkweed
Butterfly weed grows shorter than the other Asclepias species in the Pinelands. The plant does not contain a milky sap. Flowers are bright orange and occur in flat topped clusters in mid to late…
Whorled Milkweed, Eastern Whorled Milkweed
This species of milkweed native to south Jersey has thin leaves and flowers later in the season than other native species of milkweed. Up to 2 feet tall, grows well in sun to partial shade and medium…
A fern that grows loamy to sandy uplands in slightly acidic to alkaline soils. The ferns have two types of fronds, sterile and fertile. Sterile fronds grow significantly shorter than fertile fronds….
Northern Lady-fern, Subarctic Lady-fern
Light green fern growing up to three feet tall. Fronds have twenty to thirty pairs of elliptic leaflets. Widest part of the frond is in the middle. Spores are yellow and mature in the summer. They…
Light green fern similar to A. filix-femina ssp. angustum. Grows taller, up to around waist height and grows best in moist to wet conditions with part shade in both uplands and wetlands. Widest part…
Smooth Yellow False Foxglove, Northern False Foxglove
Pale yellow flowering plant growing in dry to moist uplands. Flowers appear through the summer. Stem is smooth and tinted purple. Lower leaves are cut while upper leaves are smooth and ellipitical….
Fern-leaved Yellow False Foxglove, Yellow False Foxglove
Light yellow flowering plant. Plant grows bushy, different from other Aureolaria species. Distinguished by fern like leaves and fuzzy, sticky stems. Flowers bloom from mid to late summer. Prefers dry…
Downy False Foxglove, Downy Yellow False Foxglove
Another light yellow flowering plant. Stem and leaves covered in fine hairs. Flowers appear from early to mid summer. Grows in the same habitat as A. flava and A. pedicularia. Also parasitic and…
Blue Wild Indigo, Blue False Indigo
A robust, bushy perennial with blue-purple pea-like flowers. Of special value to native bumble bees. Turns silvery-grey in fall. 3 to 6 feet tall. Flowers April through July. Prefers moist,…
Wild Indigo, Horseflyweed, Yellow Wild Indigo
Bushy flowering perenial plant. Produces yellow, pea-like flowers in early to mid summer. Fruit ripens in late summer. Prefers dry, loamy to sandy soil that is acidic to neutral pH. Butterflies are…
Upright Bartonia, Yellow Screwstem
Plant from the Gentianaceae family that grows in sandy wetlands. Flowers are greenish-white or yellow and appear from mid to late summer.
River Birch, Red Birch, Water Birch
Medium height tree of wet soils along stream banks, lakes, swamps and flood plains. Young trees and smaller limbs have reddish brown exfoliating bark. 40 to 70 feet, can reach 90 feet. Yellow fall…
Gray Birch, Aspen-leaved Birch
The grey birch is a small, slender tree growing in groups in wetlands. Acidic to neutral sandy to loamy soil is preferred. Flowers are small and found in catkins in the spring. Bark is grayish white…
Thousand Flowered Aster, White Doll’s Daisy, Boltonia
This plant produces many white composite flower heads in the late summer to early fall. Great plant for pollinators, rain gardens and is deer resistant. 2 to 5 feet tall. Moist to wet soils; sun to…
Lace-frond Grape-fern, Cutleaf Grapefern
This fern has varying appearances, with some having smooth edges and others with a lacy leaf look. Fronds are leathery and evergreen. They grow in shady uplands and wetlands. The spores mature in…
Aquatic plant with oval shaped leaves. Leaves lack a v-notch. Bottom of leaves covered in a gelatinous film Flowers are small and dark red or maroon, and bloom for much of the summer. Fruits appear…
Nuttall’s Reed Grass, Arctic Reedgrass
A member of the grass family, this plant is a pereial with green foliage and flowers. Flowers occur most in late summer. The plant is intolerant of shade and prefers moist wetland habitats.
Hedge-bindweed, Hedge False Bindweed
Flowering plant with white, light pink, or pink flowers. Flowers appear in mid summer and occasionally into late summer. Fruit appears after flowers. The plant grows in wetlands in varying amounts of…
This sedge grows in dense clumps that are up to two feet wide. Grows well in moist to wet soils and in full to part sun. Flowers bloom in early to mid summer in yellow, green, or brown spikes near…
Thread-like Sedge, Prickly Bog Sedge
A perenial sedge that grows in acidic wetlands. Flowers appear throughout the summer and fruit matures during the same time.
Bull Sedge, Button Sedge
Another perenial sedge found in the pinelands. Flowers and fruit appear at the same time, late spring through the summer. The grass grows in acidic, wet, sandy soils in wetlands.
A wetlands sedge that can grow in shallow water. Flowers and fruit appear from late spring to mid summer. Leaf and stem color is gray-green or blue-green.
The plant, a member of the Cyperaceae family, grows in sphagnum bogs. The plant is tufted. The majority of the spikes are composed of female flowers, but a few male flowers are mixed in. Female…
This Cyperaceae family member grows in peatlands. The sedge usually has one spike. Leaves are hairless. Edges of perigynia are serrated. Flowers and fruit appear at the same time.
Long Sedge, Northern Long Sedge
Another Cyperaceae family member that prefers to grow in peaty areas. The plant grows in clumps. The stem is thin and triangular. The male flower cluster is club shaped and at the top of stems, while…
Fuzzy Wuzzy Sedge, Hairy-leaved Sedge
A tufted member of Cyperaceae with distinctly hairy leaves. Sheaths are green to red-brown. This plant grows in uplands in neutral to alkaline soils. It prefers dry to moist soils.
Bladder Sedge, Greater Bladder Sedge
Perenial Cyperaceae member growing in acidic wetlands in any soil type. Male and female spikes are separate. Flowers appear from late spring to mid summer, and fruit will last to August.
This plant is a pale sedge with bluish-grey leaves. Leaves also have a waxy coating. Like C. intumescens, male and female spikes are separate. Flowers and fruit also appear at the same time. Wetlands…
Greenish-white Sedge, Long’s Sedge
Leaves of this sedge are green veined and lower leaves are stiff. Flowers are greenish-brown and bloom from late spring to mid summer. The fruits can persist into the fall. The plant grows in soil…
This sedge is similar to C. intumescens. Unlike C. intumescens, it has longer spikes. Forms clumps and grows erect in stature. Prefers sun and moist to wet soils.
Sallow Sedge, Shallow Sedge, Lurid Sedge
This plant grows well in moist wetlands soils, often near ponds, streams and swamps. Seedheads do not grow above foliage. Flowers mature from late spring to mid summer, and fruit through the summer….
Sedge grows in uplands in dry soils. It grows best in cool soil temperatures. Flowers appear from late spring through mid summer. Fruit matures during early summer.
A sedge growing as common ground cover in dry woodlands. Leaves are thin and can persist into the next season. Flowers from mid spring to early summer. Fruit matures late spring through mid summer.
Pointed Broom Sedge
A clumping sedge that likes cooler seasons. Flower clusters are green to tan and bullet shaped. Flowers appear from late spring to mid summer. Fruit matures during the same time.
Triangular stemmed sedge growing in clumps. Few male spikes above female spikes on the stem. Flowers appear through spring and into early summer. Often found on the edges of swamps and bogs.
Umbel-like Sedge (var. tonsa)
This sedge is another with separate male and female spikes. Spikes can be found at the base. It is found in open, sandy soils. It can be distinguished by its clump forming, red basal sheaths. Flowers…
Similar to C. tonsa. Found in sandy or rocky soils in dry uplands. Flowers are green, appearing from mid to late spring. Spikes can be found at the base.
Sedge that grows in meadows or open woods. Likes moist, sandy or gravelly soil. Can be distinguished by hairy perigynia and lack of a sheath on its lowest spike.
Ironwood, American Hornbeam, Blue Beech
Small tree with beautiful smooth, grey, fluted bark. Also called musclewood because of its sinuous texture. Prefers deep fertile, moist, acidic soil. 20 to 30 feet tall. Full sun to shade.
Pignut-hickory, Sweet Pignut Hickory, Coast Pignut Hickory
Tree with short branches and an irregular but spreading crown. Leaves are pinnately compounds with five or seven leaflets. Leaves turn golden-yellow in the fall. Bark is not shaggy. Flowers through…
New Jersey Tea, Redroot
Compact deciduous shrub 3 to 4 feet tall and 3 to 5 feet wide. Blooms May to July with clusters of white flowers. Fragrant and attractive to hummingbirds and butterflies. Full sun to part shade, dry…
Button-bush, Common Buttonbush, Button Willow
Leaves of this shrub occur in pairs or threes and are oval or narrower. Tip is pointed but base is rounded. Flowers are white to light pink and appear from late spring through late summer. Fruit…
Eastern Redbud, Redbud
Compact tree 20 to 30 feet tall. Blooms March to May with clusters of red to pink flowers. Attractive to honey bees and butterflies. Part shade to shade, moist to well drained soils.
Atlantic White Cedar
Tree with a dark green crown. Grows straight. Thin, red-brown bark. Leaves are bluish green and cover twigs. Small cones mature in the first year, pollen is shed in the spring. Grows along streams in…
Branched shrub with small, evergreen, leathery leaves. Rusty spots are found underneath the leaves. Flowers are bell shaped and white, and bloom from early to mid spring. Fruit matures in late summer…
Spotted Wintergreen, Striped Prince’s Pine
Low plant with a smooth, evergreen stem. Leaves taper to a point and are sparsely toothed. Flowers are white to light pink with a green center and appear in early summer. Fruits mature from mid…
Pipsissewa, Prince’s Pine
A member of the evergreen family, Pyrolaceae. The plant has dish shaped, white or pink flowers, and sometimes has leaves. Flowers bloom in the summer. Prefers dry, shady uplands.
Maryland Golden Aster
A late summer flowering composite with yellow inflorencenes. Grows to 2 feet in full sun and well drains sandy soils. Moist to dry soils.
Twig Rush, Smooth Sawgrass
A perennial sedge that spreads through rhizomes. Leaves are flat at the base but round at the top and have closed sheaths everywhere except the tip. Each spikelet has a perfect flower with a…
Sweet Pepperbush, Coastal Pepperbush, Alderleaf Pepperbush
Medium size shrub of wetlands, swamps and sandy woods. Racemes of very fragrant, white flowers blossom July to August. 3 to 8 feet or larger in moist soil. Prefers wet or moist acidic soil but can…
Parasitic plant with clusters of green to white flowers. Flowers bloom in the spring. Fruit is not common. Found in dry fields but occasionally in dried out bogs.
Small shrub between 1 and 4 feet tall. Flowers May to August then produces catkins. Leaves are fragrant. Prefers part shade and dry to moist soils.
Silky Dogwood, Red Willow, Silky Cornel
A 6 to 10 foot tall shrub that produces white flowers from March to April. Attracts pollinators when in flower and birds with its dark blue berries. Partial shade to shade, medium to wet well drained…
Flowering Dogwood, Virginia Dogwood, Florida Dogwood
One of the most charming and conspicuous small woodland trees. Tiny flowers are surrounded by showy, white, petal like bracts. Bright red fall fruits attract migrating birds. 15 to 30 feet tall….
Dwarf Hawthorn, One-flowered Hawthorn
Grey bark, oval leaves with round teeth. Flowers are white and bloom in the spring. Fruit are orange red, round, and mature in the fall.
Toothed Sedge, Toothed Flatsedge
Perennial sedge with flat or v shaped leaves. Reddish brown achenes. Flowers and fruits from summer to fall. Grows in wetlands.
Gray’s Sedge, Gray’s Flatsedge
Sedge that grows in small clumps or singly with slender stems in dry, sandy soils. Distinguishable by the bulbous base of the plant. Flowers in the summer and fall and fruits in the summer.
Bristling Sedge, Bristly Flatsedge
Similar to a couple other Cyperus species. Distinguished by hairless stems and golden brown spikelets. Fruits in summer. Prefers dry, sandy uplands with full sun.
Slender Sedge, Great Plains Flatsedge, Sand Cyperus
Sedge with dense brown seed heads. Wiry, triangle shaped stems. Not hairy. Flowers in the summer. Dry, sandy soil.
Pine Barren Sedge, Pine Barren Flatsedge
Sedge growing up to 1.5 feet tall. Plant has cylindrical flowers. Grows in dry soil. Flowers and fruits in the summer.
Straw-colored Sedge, Straw-colored Flatsedge
Sedge growing in moist to wet conditions usually in wetlands but occasionally found in uplands. Flowers in summer.
Smooth Wild Oat Grass, Bog Wild Oat Grass
Grass that grows in wet sphagnum bogs exclusively. Similar to D. spicata. Flowering and fruiting in the spring and summer.
Silky Wild Oat Grass, Downy Danthonia
Grows in dry, open, sandy areas. Similar to D. spicata. Flowers and fruits at the same time, in the spring and summer.
Wild Oat Grass, Poverty Oat Grass, Curly Grass
Grass with naked stems and curly leaves. Leaves are clustered at the base of the plant. Has small flowers at the top of stems that appear in spring to early summer. Only able to grow in poor soils.
Swamp Loosestrife, Water Willow
Only species in the genus. Grows in wetlands and is partially aquatic. Flowers are a magenta shade and bell shaped and bloom in mid to late summer.
Smooth Small-leaved Tick-trefoil
Herb with purplish leaves. Flowers and fruits at the same time, through the summer. Grows in all soil types.
Rigid Tick-trefoil, Stiff Trick-trefoil
Light pink wildflower with hairy stems and leaves. Hairs can be hooked or straight. Has several stems that come from a branched root. Flowers from mid to late summer.
Trailing Tick-trefoil, Prostrate Tick-trefoil
Plant with pineately compound leaves with three, round leaflets. Stems are hairy. Flowers are pinkish purple with white inside. Blooms beginning in mid summer.
Columbia Panic Grass
Grass with varying levels of hairiness on stems. Flowers in early to mid summer. Grows in dry to moist, sandy soils. Usually found in uplands.
Commons’ Panic Grass, Commons’ Rosette Grass
Member of the grass family. Hairs on stems and lower side of blades. Stems are tan, blades are light green. Spikelets are also green but have some purple near the base.
Ashe’s Panic Grass, Variable Panic Grass
Grass with purplish sheaths that can be hairy or not. Grows to a maximum of 2.5 feet. Flowers from spring to mid summer. Grows in dry sandy or loamy soil.
Starved Panic Grass
Grows on dry, disturbed areas in sandy soils in partial shade. Has two blooming periods, May to June and late June to July. Has larger spikelets than some other Dichanthelium species.
Forked Panic Grass, Cypress Panic Grass
Grass grows in small to large clumps with knotty crowns. Prefers dry soils that are sandy, clayey, or rocky. Moist or wet soils. Flowers from summer to fall.
Britton’s Panic Grass, Cypress Witch Grass
Grass growing in moist and wet places, especially on sphagnum mats. Sandy wetlands. Flowers in the spring, summer, and fall. Fruits in summer and fall. Can be distinguished because it grows in clumps…
Lindheimer’s Panic Grass
Plant that grows in sandy, loamy uplands. Grows in dense clumps. Spikelets have fine hairs. Flowers from summer to fall.
Sphagnum Panic Grass, Bog Witch Grass, Peaty Witch Grass
Grass growing up to 2 feet in wetlands. Flowers in the summer and fall, fruit matures at the same time. Prefers partial shade to shade.
Clute’s Panic Grass, Mattamuskeet Rosette Grass
Uncommon Dichanthelium species found in sandy wetlands. Spikelets, sheaths, and blades have fine hairs. Flowers and fruits at the same time, summer to fall.
Columbia Panic Grass (var t.), Matting Rosette Grass
Greenish yellow grass found in open sandy forests. Narrow leaves and generally small. Flowers and fruits bloom and mature at the same time, from summer to fall.
Velvety Panic Grass, Velvet Panicum
Grass with hairy stems and blades. Grows in woodlands and savannas, and prefers acidic sandy wetlands. Occasionally found in uplands. Flowers are small and white and bloom in the summer.
Round-fruited Panic Grass, Roundseed Panic Grass
Grass with larger, light green blades. Small spikelets. Generally hairy grass except for sheaths. Grows in opens, sandy and dry grounds. Prefers uplands but can grow in wetlands.
Eaton’s Panic Grass, Eaton’s Rosette Grass
Wetland grass found on sandy shores. Grows taller than its relatives. Spikelets and blades sometimes are the only hairy parts of the plant. Flowers in the summer.
Wooly Panic Grass, Whitehair Rosette Grass
Light green grass with soft hairs. Top of blades can be a greenish blue. Spikelets can have a purplish hue. Flowers from late spring into the summer. Prefers sandy, dry uplands.
Native Crabgrass, Slender Crabgrass
Grass with hairy sheaths. Tufted. Grows in sandy, sunny uplands. Flowers are fan shaped and appear in summer. Very small spikelets
Rough Buttonweed, Poorjoe
Member of the Rubiaceae family with small, funnel shaped flowers that are white or light purple. Summer blooming. Mainly upland dweller, but may be found in wetlands.
Common Wild Yam, Wild Yam
A tuberous vine found in sandy soils. Tubers are not edible Flower are light green and found in tightly packed groups. Vines have either female or male flowers, not both. Leaves are a medium green…
Common Persimmon, Eastern Persimmon, Possumwood
Small to medium tree growing between 35 to 60 feet. Produces yellow flowers April to June and edible fruit in the fall. Many insects visit the flowers and many species of wildlife feed on the fruit….
Pine Barren Flat-top Aster, Parasol Whitetop, Flat-topped White Aster
Perennial aster, 2 to 5 feet tall that prefers slightly acidic soils. Blooms in late summer to fall. Full to partial sun and wet to moist soils.
The largest sundew, leaves are long, upright, sticky, and able to unfurl like a fern. Carnivorous plant. Flowers are a pink to magenta shade and bloom in summer. Blossoms open in early morning and…
Spatulate-leaf Sundew, Spoonleaf Sundew
Leaves are ovular with sticky hairs on them. Another carnivorous sundew. Grows in the same areas as D. filiformis, wet or moist sandy areas. Flowers are white and bloom through the first half of the…
Round leaves with the sticky hairs characteristic of sundews. Lie close to the ground. Often found in sphagnum bogs. Flowers are white, blooming in summer.
Three-way Sedge, Three-sided Sedge
Sedge that grows singly. Flat flower spikes. Blooms thoughout the summer. Stems are round and jointed. Grows in shallow water and wetlands.
Purple Coneflower, Eastern Purple Coneflower
The popular butterfly magnet. Seeds provide food for goldfinches. 3 to 4 feet tall with pink-purple flowers that bloom from June through September. Medium to dry soils; full sun to partial shade.
A spikesedge with stems that are long and grasslike. Flowers are tiny and formed when grown in water. Bloom in summer.
Torrey’s Spike-rush, Smallfruit Spikerush
Annual sedge growing in wetlands. Vegetative plant. Leaves are green or red brown. Flowers are white to olive green.
Green Spike-rush, Bright Green Spikerush
Sedge with sheaths but no leaves. Cone shaped flower cluster on top, blooming from summer to fall. Prefers sands and peats. Moist to wet and sunny.
Blunt Spike-rush, Ovate Spikerush
Sedge found in wet habitats with sandy soils. Distinguished by shiny and smooth fruits and bristles longer than fruit. Fruits mature from summer to fall. Spikes are ovular and have purple brown…
Sedge with green, lance shaped spikelets. Triangular stems. Has tufts of underwater stems. Found in shallow waters. Blooms in summer, fruits at the end of summer.
Three-ribbed Spike-rush, Three-angle Spikerush
Sedge with spikelets that have dark brown scales. Fruit is dark brown with 3 ridges. Likes coastal plain marshes and sandy shores. Flowers and fruits at the same time.
Tubercled Spike-rush, Cone-cup Spikerush, Long-tuberculed Spikerush
Sedge growing in wet meadows, woodlands, and shores. Forms dense clumps. Flowers are white to light orange, blooming in summer. Flowers are pine cone shaped.
Trailing Arbutus, Mayflower, Plymouth Mayflower
Ericaceae family member that forms a mat. Grows in dry, sandy pine plains. Leaves are oval, leathery, and dark green. Flowers are white or pink with a sweet scent, and fruits are a white berry….
Herbaceous plant with round or square stems. Flowers are light pink or white. Four petals, each with a notch. Foliage is fragile and easily damaged. Grows in moist to wet conditions and prefers soil…
Carolina Lovegrass, Tufted Lovegrass
An annual grass forming tufts. Only has hairs where the blade meets the sheath. Spikelets are yellow to purple. Bloom in the summer. Grows in dry, sandy or clayey soils.
India Lovegrass, Jersey Lovegrass, Hairy Lovegrass
Annual grass growing up to a foot and a half. Has green to purplish spikelets. Stem and leaves have glandular pits. Grows moist, sandy to loamy soil. Easily grows in disturbed areas.
Purple Lovegrass, Purple Plains Lovegrass, Tumblegrass
Low grass that produces purple inflorescences. Rarely damaged by deer. 1 to 2 feet tall. Dry soils; sun to partial shade. Blooms July and August.
Seven-angled Pipewort, Common Pipewort, Hatpins
Aquatic pipewort family member. Produces a whitish grey, knob like flower. Stalks are seven sided and leafless. Roots are also whitish and have cross markings.
Aquatic plant with hairy, leafless stems. Flower is white and at the top of the stems. Blooms in spring and early summer. Usually first of the pipeworts found in the pinelands to flower.
Pipewort with flowers growing clustered at the top of the leafless stalk. Blooms thorugh the summer. Aquatic and wetland dwelling plant.
Virginia Cotton-grass, Tawny Cottongrass
Sedge family member with spikelets that have terminal clusters of tufts of white to tawny hairs. The top of the stem is triangular while the bottom is round. Found in wetlands like bogs.
Tall Rattlesnake Master, Rattlesnake Master, Button Snakeroot
This species begins as a basal rosette of leaves before producing tall stems with terminal, white clusters. This tough species is drought tolerant and deer resistant. 2 to 4 feet tall, prefers full…
Fetter-bush, Swamp Doghobble, Swamp Sweetbells
A shrub and member of the Ericaceae family growing up to six feet tall. Smooth, oval leaves with serrated edges. Flower occur in rows and are bell shaped. Bloom in summer. Grows in damp woodland…
White Boneset, White Thoroughwort
Most common variety. Hairy, single stem with elliptic leaves. Flowers are small and white and occur in heads with four to five florets each. Begin blooming in mid summer. Prefers uplands with dry and…
Less common than E. album var. album, it is found from Alabama to Pennsylvania. Leaves can be hairy or hairless. Flowers bloom through the entire summer. Upland dweller, also preferring dry soils.
Blue Mistflower, Wild Ageratum, Blue Boneset
Perennial with ornamental lavender flowers nice border plant. Will also fill in as a ground cover. From 1 to 2 feet tall. Found in sandy coastal marshes and drier inland meadows. Flowers are…
Hyssop-leaved Boneset, Hyssop-leaf Thoroughwort
Plant with clusters of white flowers that look like clouds. Bloom in late summer. Leaves are narrow. Grow well in dry, sandy soils. Needs good drainage if not in a dry site.
White-bracted Boneset, Justiceweed, White-bracted Thoroughwort
Flat or round topped flower clusters with five florets each. Flowers are white and bloom from mid summer to fall. Stems are grey and hairy. Grows in sandy wetlands. Similar to E. album.
Spotted Joe-Pye, Spotted Trumpetweed
Perennial with pink flowers that bloom from August to October. Grows from 4 to 6 feet tall. Found in wet meadows. Flowers are attractive to bees and butterflies. Grows best in partial shade.
Boneset, Common Boneset
White flowered perennial good for wet to medium soils. Found naturally along streams and at woodland edges. 3 to 4 feet tall, blooms July to September. Full sun to partial shade.
Five florets in each flower. Flowers are tubular shaped and white. Leaves are oblong and blunt with coarse teeth, and have a metallic shimmer. Grows in sandy, acidic wetlands.
Wildflower of moist woods and meadows with whorled leaves and dome-shaped clusters of pink flowers. 4 to 6 feet. Prefers damp soils. Flowers late July to October.
Round-leaved Boneset, Roundleaf Thoroughwort
Broad leaves, flat topped white, flower clusters. Blunt teeth on leaves. Stem is hairy. Grows in dry, sandy soils in open or wooded areas.
Hairy stem, ovate leaves. Leaves are larger than E. rotundifolium. Upper leaves are toothed, teeth are sharp. Found in moist to dry fields and woods.
Ipecac Spurge, American Ipecac, Wild Ipecac
Grows low to the ground with branching stems. Leaves vary in color, even on the same plant, from green to magenta, red, and purple. Flowes are yellow green and lack petals. Bloom in spring, before…
Flower plant growing up to two feet. Stems become woody with age. Flower heads are flat topped with up to 14 ray florets. Ray florets can be blue, reddish purple, or violet. Flowers bloom from mid…
Showy Aster, Eastern Showy Aster
Found commonly in the pinelands. Flowers from mid to late summer producing violet to purple ray florets and yellow disc florets. Rough, oblong leaves. Stems are rough and branch near the top.
Flat top Goldenrod, Grass leaved Goldenrod
Blooms in late summer with a flat cluster on yellow flowers sitting on top of this herbaceous perennial. Prefers full sun and moist soil but can tolerate drought conditions. Up to 3 feet tall and…
Milk-pea, Eastern Milkpea
An herbaceous vine. Small flowers are found in loose clusters and are a reddish purple. Leaflets are ovular and found in threes. Grows in open, sandy uplands.
Flowering plant growing up to 3 feet. Petals have a range of colors, including blue, purple, green, and white. Underside of leaves dotted with glands. Found in meadows, fields, and woodlands. Only…
Purplish Cudweed, Spoonleaf Purple Everlasting
White flowers form spike shaped clusters. Bracts around flowers are brown or purple. Leaves of plant are widest near the tip, underside is soft. Found in dry, sandy, and open areas.
Teaberry, Eastern Teaberry, Wintergreen
This subshrub is common in the Pine Barrens and creates great ground cover. Flowers in late June to August and produces edible berries in September to October that persist over winter. Shade to full…
Shrub with stiff, brown branches. Branches start hairy but become smooth with age. Leaves close to a lime green shade and dotted with resin on both sides. Oblong and ovular leaf shape, less wide than…
Huckleberry shrub growing in wetlands. Mature leaves are oblong and pointed, young leaves are round tipped. Tip of leaves are bristled, has resin dots on underside only. Flowers are white to pink and…
Dangleberry, Blue Huckleberry
Shrub with grey branches and hairless twigs. Oval oblong leaves are a more minty green and wider than G. baccata, leaves also only have resin dots on the underside. Flowers are tinged pink, blooming…
Bottle Gentian, Blind Gentian
A fall flowering perennial that is found on open, moist sites. Produces deep blue, closed flowers from September through October. 1 foot tall, prefers wet soils and full sun to part shade.
Wild Geranium, Spotted Geranium, Cranesbill
Perennial, clump-forming wildflower with laverder petals. 1 to 2 feet tall. Moist soils; sun to part shade. Blooms May.
Sharp-scaled Manna Grass, Creeping Mannagrass
Member of the grass family growing up to two feet tall. Found in marshes Narrow flowers forming spikelets. Bloom in early summer. Fruit mature in early summer.
Grows in spring and fall when soil temperatures are cool. Prefers sunny wetlands. Spikelets are light brown at maturity through the first half of summer. Leaves and stems are hairless.
Blunt Manna Grass, Atlantic Mannagrass
Stiff and smooth stemmed grass. Flower heads are dense and bloom in the second half of summer. Wetland dweller, can grow in water.
A member of the orchid family. Spikelets have small flowers blooming in summer. Much of the plant is covered in small hairs. Grows well in moist to dry forets with well drained, sandy soil.
Golden Hedge Hyssop
Plant growing on the shores of ponds and lakes. Flowers are yellow and tubular. Leaves ovate, blunt tipped, and are dotted with glands. Semi aquatic.
Witch-hazel, American Witch-hazel, Winterbloom
20 to 30 foot tall shrub that produces yellow flowers and foliage in the fall. Well drained soils with medium moisture. Full sun to part shade. Does well in acidic and heavy clay soils.
Frostweed, Longbranch Frostweed, Rock Frost
Plant with one flower generally. Flowers are yellow. Inconspicuous bud like flowers are found in leaf axils. Flower lasts only for a day. Leaves are a dull green with hairs underneath. Only grows in…
Narrow-leaved Sunflower, Swamp Sunflower
Plant growing as a shrub. Small flowers organized into heads. Flowers are yellow with a brown center. Leaves are thin and narrow. Grows in damp areas.
Rough Wood Sunflower, Woodland Sunflower, Rough Sunflower
A perennial sunflower of dry meadow with showy yellow flowers. Hardy and spreading. Food source for birds and insects. 3 to 4 feet tall, blooms July-August. Full sun to part shade.
Smooth Oxeye, Oxeye Sunflower, False Sunflower
Adaptable perennial of dry open sites. Showy golden flowers in summer. From 3 to 4 feet tall. Likes sandy soil. Needs full sun and can tolerate moist to dry conditions.
Swamp Rosemallow, Crimson Eyed Rosemallow, Marshmallow Hibiscus
Large perennial herb with white or pink flowers. From 4 to 7 feet tall. Flowers July to August. Moist to wet soils and sun to part shade.
Hairy Hawkweed, Queendevil
Member of the sunflower family, looks like a dandelion. Yellow flower blooming in most of the summer. Leaves do not have teeth. Common in woods, fields, and other dry areas.
Vein-leaf Hawkweed, Rattlesnake Weed
Commonly found in areas with rattlesnakes, native to woodlands. Plant has yellow, dandelion like flowers that bloom into late summer. Stem is usually leafless with milky sap.
Pine Barren Heather, Pine Barren Golden Heather
A characteristic Pine Barrens plant! Low shrub with bushy, branching stems. Small bright yellow flowers late May to early June. Common on dry, open sands. Likes well drained sandy soil in a mostly…
Beach Heather, Woolly Beach Heather
Member of the rockrose family growing up to less than a foot tall. Leaves are very small, scaly, and hairy. Flowers are yellow and small. Blooms in spring. Grows on sandy pinelands and dunes. Can be…
Northern St. John’s-wort
Yellow flowering plant. Flowers are small. Blooms through summer. Leaves are broad and elliptic, ovular, or oblong. Fruit is red to deep purple and matures from late summer into fall. Prefers…
Shrub that is part of the St. John’s wort family. Can grow up to four feet. Flowers are varying shades of yellow. Blooms in mid to late summer. Found in sandy, wet flatlands.
Shrubby St. John’s-wort, Bushy St.John’s-wort
Perennial, densely branched shrub. Coppery bark. Many yellow flowers. Blooms through summer. Grows on acidic, wet to moist soils. Tolerant of many soil types.
Coppery St. John’s-wort
Flower petals are a coppery yellow. Flowers are star shaped. Thick, leathery leaves that are a light green. Grows in sandy or clayey soils in wetland areas.
Herbaceous member of the St. John’s wort family. Fruits are more noticeable than flowers being bright red. Matures in fall. Flowers are yellow and small. Leaves are repressed. Grows in bare and open…
St. Andrew’s Cross
A short shrub with lots of branches. Can form a mat. Flowers are a bright yellow with four leaves. Looks like a cross. Leaf width does not change. Found in dry to moist uplands.
Yellow Stargrass, Common Goldstar, Eastern Yellow Stargrass
A low growing grass like plant. Yellow, star shaped flowers with slender stems. Easily confused with grass if not flowering. Grows in acidic wetlands.
Midsized evergreen, dioecious shrub of acidic soils. The only Ilex species to sucker. 6 to 8 feet tall. Female plant makes shiny black berries. Partial shade to shade. Prefers moisture but can…
American Holly, White Holly, Prickly Holly
Slow growing dioecious evergreen tree of acid soils. Small white flowers in late spring, red fruit maturing in fall and lasting into winter. Prefers moist well drained soil and a non windy location….
Winterberry, Common Winterberry, Michigan Holly
Medium size, deciduous multi-stemmed, dioecious shrub of swamps & forested wetlands. Bright red berries that persist through fall & winter are wonderfully ornamental and good for wildlife…
Stiff-leaved Aster, Flaxleaf Aster
Stiff stalked Asteraceae family member. Stem has many narrow, pointed leaves. Flowers are colorful, ranging from dark lavender to pink to white. Centers are yellow. Bloom in late summer and early…
Wild Potato, Man of the Earth, Wild Sweet Potato
Flowering vine that is high climbing. Flowers are white with purple throats. Flower open in the morning. Stems are hairless with olive leaves. Grows in upland woods and edges of prairies.
Slender Blue Flag, Slender Blue Iris, Coastal Iris
Typical iris blossom. Pale blue to violet shade. Long narrow leaves on stems. Plant has two to three blooms. Blooms in early summer. Grows in swampy wetlands.
Blueflag Iris, Harlequin Blueflag, Northern Blueflag
This iris has attractive blue to purple flowers and blooms May to July. From 2 to 3 feet tall. Grows in medium to wet soils in full sun to partial shade. Can grow in 2 to 4 inches in shallow…
Virginia Willow, Virginia Sweetspire, Tassel-white
Small deciduous shrub of wet acidic sites. Very ornamental with fragrant white flowers in the late spring & lovely burgundy fall color. Flowers early June to July. 3 to 6 feet tall but can reach…
Juncaceae family member growing up to four feet tall. Flowers through the summer with most in mid summer. Prefers wetlands with sun to partial shade.
Canada Rush, Canadian Rush
Grows best when soil temperatures are cool. Flowers bloom in the late summer. Flower is green or brown and form spikes or clusters. Prefers near full sunlight. Grows in wetlands but can survive…
Perennial Juncaceae family member. Dark green to maroon stems and leaves. Flowers and seeds are green or straw colored. Flowers bloom and fruit mature at around the same time, from summer to fall.
Path Rush, Forked Rush
Grass like plant. Not a tall rush and difficult to identify due to a lack of distinct features. Flowers through summer. Found thriving in moist areas and can grow in drier areas.
Very similar to J. effusus. Grows in clumps and well in moist conditions. Flowers are yellow and bloom in late spring to early summer. Differentiated by having only ten to twenty ridges on stems.
Dense flowering spikelets atop stems of this grass like rush. Blooms in mid summer. Prefers dry to moist areas. Stems are smooth. Fruit is glossy brown sometimes dotted with red and matures at the…
Eastern Red Cedar, Virginia Juniper, Red Juniper
Large tree that can grow over 60 feet tall and 25 feet wide. Grows well in full sun and moist soils but is drought tolerant. This is a dioecious species, meaning it has separate male and female trees.
Mountain Laurel, Calico Bush
Large shrub that can grow over 6 feet tall with white to pink flowers. Blooms in the summer. Moist, acidic soils. Grows best in partial shade.
Dense Blazing Star, Dense Gayfeather, Dense Liatris
Slender, erect perennial that reaches a height of 3 to 4 feet. A dense spike of purple flowers appears July to September. Likes full sun but can tolerate partial shade. Grows best in moist, acidic…
Tall wildflower with hanging, orange flowers. A good plant for rain gardens and to attract hummingbirds. 3 to 6 feet tall. Moist to wet soils; sun to part shade. Blooms July.
Spicebush, Northern Spicebush, Wild Allspice
Dioecious shrub that grows 6 to 12 feet tall. Yellow flowers bloom in April. Flowers attract pollinators, berries of female plants attract birds, and functions as the host plant for spicebush…
Sweet Gum, American Sweetgum, Red Gum
Large tree that can grow over 60 feet tall. This fast growing tree is very adaptable but is typically found in wet sites with partial shade. Blooms from March to May and turns yellow, red and purple…
Tulip Poplar, Tulip Tree, Yellow Poplar
Native tree of the magnolia family that reaches 70 to 90 feet tall. Produces yellow to green flowers April to June, with yellow foliage in the fall. Full sun to shade and moist to well drained soils.
Herb of wetlands with striking, bright red flowers and toothed alternate leaves. Flowers May and October. Attracts hummingbirds. To 5 feet tall. Needs wet or moist soil and likes sun, partial shade…
Great Blue Lobelia
Like Cardinal Flower but with spikes of blue flowers. 2 to 4 feet tall, flowers July to September. Prefers wet soils but will tolerate medium moisture. Likes some shade but will tolerate full sun if…
Trumpet Honeysuckle, Coral Honeysuckle, Woodbine
Slender, high-climbing vine with evergreen leaves. Flowers trumpet shaped, red on the outside, yellow on the inside. A favorite among hummingbirds! Ornamental bright red berries in fall. Great for…
Sweet Bay, Sweetbay Magnolia, Southern Sweetbay
Small tree with showy, aromatic white flowers. Semi evergreen leaves and brilliant red ornamental fruit. Spicy, aromatic leaves. 10 to 30 feet tall. Blooms mid June. Wet to moist acidic soils….
Monkey Flower, Allegheny Monkey Flower, Square Stem Monkey Flower
A perennial herb of open swamps with blue flowers. Flowers July to September. To 3 feet tall. Needs wet or moist soil and likes full sun.
Scarlet Bee Balm, Oswego Tea, Red Bergamot
A square stemmed perennial with rosettes of red flowers in terminal whorls. Special value to bumble bees and honey bees. 2 to 3 feet tall. Blooms during summer months for 6 weeks. Prefers wet meadows…
Wild Bergamot, Beebalm
A square stemmed perennial with rosettes of red flowers in terminal whorls. Special value to bumble bees and honey bees. 2 to 3 feet tall. Blooms during summer months for 6 weeks. Prefers wet meadows…
Spotted Beebalm, Horsemint, Spotted Horesemint
Aromatic perennial with rosettes of pale yellowish, purple-spotted tubular flowers in terminal whorls. Large, showy white-purple bracts look like additional petals. Special value to bumble bees and…
Pink Hair Grass, Gulf Muhly, Hair awn Muhly
A warm season perennial grass growing up 3 to 4 feet tall and wide. Pink spiklets form in summer and remain until the fall. Grows best in full sun or light shade in well drained soil.
Wax Myrtle, Southern Wax Myrtle, Southern Bayberry
Drought and salt-tolerant evergreen shrub. Great as a screening plant. Sun to partial shade. Prefers moist, sandy soils but tolerates a range of soil types from sand to clay. Normally maintained at…
Medium size, semi evergreen shrub found on a variety of sites. Aromatic leaves and berries. Salt tolerant, good for coastal and highway plantings. A nitrogen fixer. 5 to 12 feet tall. Prefers moist…
Sour Gum, Blackgum, Black Tupelo
Medium to large tree often found growing in forested wetlands and moist uplands. Scarlet fall color, one of the first species to turn color in the fall. 30 to 50 feet with horizontally spreading…
Sensitive Fern, Bead Fern, Sympathy Fern
Rhizomatous fern 2 to 3 feet tall. Fertile fonds in early July, spores mature in October. Moist to wet soils, shade to part sun.
Eastern Prickly Pear, Low Prickly Pear, Devil’s Tongue
This low maintenance perennial produces 2 to 3 inch yellow flowers in spring and is clump-forming. Our only native cactus. 1 foot tall. Dry soils; sun. Blooms May.
Large fern that can grow 2 to 3 feet tall. Cinnamon colored fronds emerge in early summer. Grows best in moist or wet soil under full shade. Great groundcover in moist shady sites.
Tussock forming fern that can grow up to 6 feet tall. Spore mature mid-May to early June. Wet soils, shade to part sun.
Golden Ragwort, Golden Groundsel, Butterweed
Self seeding perennial with yellow flowers that produces good ground cover in moist soils. 6 inches to 2 feet tall, flowers in April to May. Moist to wet soils, full sun to part shade. Attractive to…
Switchgrass, Wand Panic Grass
Very common bunch grass of medium to dry open sites. Attractive fall and winter color. To 6 feet tall. Can grow in moist and dry soils. Sun to partial shade.
A vine that trails along the ground or climbs up surfaces with adhesive tendrils. Attractive scarlet red fall foliage with deep blue berries that are a food source for birds. Flowers June to July. 30…
Hairy Beardtongue, Hairy Penstemon
Hairy Beardtongue recieves its name because of the hairs produced alost this species stems. This plant produces purple flowers from May to June and if very adaptable, growing in full sun to full…
Shrub with smooth leaf surfaces. Found in forested wetlands and shrub bogs. White to pink flowers on smooth stalks develop into 1/4 inch black fruits. 5 to 10 feet high. Can grow in wet or dry…
Multi stemmed shrub with clusters of white to light pink flowers followed by abundant glossy red fruits. 6 to 10 feet tall. Flowers in late April. Prefers well-drained, medium moisture soils and can…
Shortleaf Pine, Shortleaf Yellow Pine, Southern Yellow Pine
Has 2 and 3 needles per fascicle. This somewhat fire tolerant tree, usually growing on dry sites, is an important timber species. Tiny resin blisters in bark makes it easy to identify. To 100 feet…
Pitch Pine, Torch Pine
The characteristic Pine Barrens tree. Large when grown on good sites and protected from fire, scrubby and flat topped when burned. Equally at home on both dry sites and in wetlands. 40 to 60 feet…
Virginia Pine, Jersey Pine, Scrub Pine
Evergreen tree which grows best on clay loam or sandy loam sites, very shade intolerant. To 40 feet. Likes moist soil and sunny conditions.
Salt tolerant, medium size, rounded shrub of the outer coastal plain. Attractive white flowers; its fruit is prized for making jams. To 6 feet tall. Flowers late April to May. Fruits early September…
Black Cherry, Wild Black Cherry, Rum Cherry
Medium size, craggy tree grows 50 to 80 feet tall and can reach 100 feet. Cherries are an important food source for many animal species and appear late summer. Likes sun but can tolerate shade. Moist…
Short-toothed Mountain Mint, Clustered Mountain Mint
Easy to grow, minty aromatic foliage with silvery white tops. Tiny light pink-white flowers in clusters. Great for woodland borders. One of the best nectar sources for native butterflies. Attracts…
Post-oak, Iron Oak, Cross Oak
Characteristic Pinelands oak tree 35 to 50 feet tall. Full sun, dry to medium soils. Drought-tolerant. Fruits are oval acorns and an improtant source of food for wildlife. Leathery, dark green leaves…
Virginia Meadow Beauty, Handsome-harry
Beautiful Pine Barrens perennial that naturally grows in wet soils and bogs. Four magenta to pale pink petals surround a cluster of elongated bright yellow stamen that dangle like a beard. To 2 feet…
Swamp-azalea, Clammy Azalea, Cory Azalea
Medium height, deciduous shrub of forested wetlands and non tidal marsh edges. Ornamental, fragrant white flowers. Flowers early June to late July. Can grow to 12 feet in width and about 7 feet in…
Winged Sumac, Shining Sumac, Flameleaf Sumac
Mid size shrub with slightly pubescent stems. Striking rich, red fall color. 20 to 30 feet. Likes well-drained, dry soils. Semi shade.
Carolina Rose, Pasture Rose
Deciduous rose 1 to 3 feet tall, less frequently to 6 feet, and spreading 5 to 10 feet. Blooms in spring to early summer with fragrant and attractive pink flowers with a yellow center. Attracts birds…
Deciduous rose 1 to 3 feet tall, less frequently to 6 feet, and spreading 5 to 10 feet. Blooms in spring to early summer with fragrant and attractive pink flowers with a yellow center. Attracts birds…
Black eyed Susan
This perennial produces large, yellow and black composite flower heads. Grows up to 2 feet and flowers June through October. This plant grows well in both sun and shade.
Elderberry, American Black Elderberry
Woody shrub that can grow 10 to 15 feet in height and width. Produces white flowers with dark berries that are edible if cooked. The plant blooms in the summer and does best in moist soil with full…
Little Bluestem, Popotillo Azul
Elegant bunchgrass of eastern U.S. Thrives on dry sites and poor soil. Colorful fall foliage. 2 to 3 feet tall. Likes dry conditions. Sun to partial shade. Flowers late July to October.
Wool Grass, Cottongrass Bulrush, Marsh Bulrush
This sedge is a rhizomatous perennial that grows up to 3 to 6 feet tall and wide. Grows best in wet soil and open sun. This plant readily self seeds and spreads through rhizomes.
Wild Pink, Sticky Catchfly
Brilliant pink, phlox like clusters of flowers from May to July. Semi evergreen narrow foliage. To 1 foot tall. Prefers dry to moist, well drained soils in full sun to partial shade. Tolerant of dry,…
Fall blooming golden rod that grows 1 to 3 feet tall. Excellent species for pollinators. Prefers dry soils in full to partial sun.
Field Goldenrod, Gray Goldenrod, Prairie Goldenrod
Slender stemmed plant with small yellow flowers that arch downward, forming yellow plumes. Attracts butterflies and honey bees. Individual plants bloom at various times, mostly in late summer through…
Fragrant Goldenrod, Anise-scented Goldenrod, Sweet Goldenrod
One of our native goldenrod species that produces anise sented leaves. This plant produces yellow flowers in later summer into fall. Grows well in dry soils with full to part sun. 2 to 4 feet tall,…
One of our native goldenrod species that produces anise sented leaves. This plant produces yellow flowers in later summer into fall. Grows well in dry soils with full to partial sun. 2 to 4 feet…
Wand Goldenrod, Willowleaf Goldenrod
A perennial goldenrod with yellow flowers in a long slender cluster. Grow up to 5 to 6 feet and flowers from late August to October. Grows best in damp soil.
Indian Grass, Yellow Indiangrass
A tall, striking bunchgrass with beautiful plumes. Very tolerant of most site conditions. To 6 feet. Will grow in moist or dry soil. Partial shade. Flowers mid August to mid September.
New England Aster, New England American Aster
Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soils in full sun. Prefers moist, rich soil. Lavender, purple or blue flowers August to October. Pinching back the stems several times by mid July will…
New York Aster
Fall flowering , late August through September, that has pink, purple or white composite inflorescences. 2 to 5 feet tall; medium to wet soils in full sun. Great plant for fall pollinators.
Late Purple Aster
Fall flowering that has dark purple composite inflorescences. 1 to 4 feet tall; dry soils in full to partial sun. Great plant for fall pollinators.
Common Lowbush-blueberry, Late Lowbush Blueberry
Low growing blueberry, 1 to 2 feet, of dry, sterile soils. Fruits in July and a red color in the fall. Grows well in both sunny and shaded conditions.
Medium tall shrub at home in acidic lowlands. A plant for all seasons with attractive flowers, tasty fruit, scarlet fall foliage and red winter stem color. Fruits early July to early August. To 12…
Blue Vervain, Swamp Verbena, Blue Verbena
Slender spikes of densely-packed purplish-blue flowers on tall stems. 2 to 6 feet tall; medium to wet soils. Blooms July to August; full sun to partial shade. Attracts butterflies and is a great…
New York Ironweed
Great butterfly attractor with numerous tiny, fluffy, deep purple flowers in loose clusters atop stiff, leafy stems. Tolerates a wide range of soils, prefers medium to wet soils. 4 to 8 feet tall….
Arrowwood Viburnum, Southern Arrowwood
Dense, rounded, multi stemmed shrub with showy white flowers, pleated foliage, and blue black berries. Ornamental and useful to birds. Blooms May to June. 6 to 15 feet tall. Dry to moist soils. Full…
Blackhaw Viburnum, Blackhaw, Smooth Blackhaw
Dense, rounded, multi-stemmed shrub with showy white flowersand blue-black berries. Ornamental and useful to birds/honey bees. Blooms April-May. 12 to 15 feet tall. Dry to moist soils, partial shade.